African Park Latest News - Liuwa's Sole Male Lion Found Dead

Liuwa’s big-maned lion (above) is no longer. It is with regret that African Parks Zambia announces that Liuwa Plain National Park’s sole male lion has died, probably as a result of poisoning or disease. The pride male’s carcass was found by park management close to Miyanda Pool in the east of the park on 16 September. GPS signals from his satellite collar indicated that he had been motionless since 9 September, however it is believed that he died some days later. Liuwa Park manager Rob Reid...


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Scotland referendum: Scots reject independence in historic vote

Scotland voters decided to remain part of the United Kingdom on Friday, rejecting independence in a historic referendum.The decision prevented a rupture of a 307-year union with England, bringing a huge sigh of relief to the British political establishment. Scots voted 55 percent to 45 percent against independence in a vote that saw an unprecedented turnout.“The people of Scotland have spoken,” Alistair Darling, leader of the “Better Together,” or No campaign, said after the result was confirm...


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The History Behind the Scottish Independence Vote

George Clark/iStockphotos.com The long-awaited referendum on independence for Scotland is finally happening this week (Thursday 18th September, 2014), as Scots vote yes or no to the question of whether they want their nation to become independent from the United Kingdom. If a majority votes yes, Scotland will end its 307-year-old union with England and Wales and become an independent nation with some 5.3 million people. Ahead of the referendum, we take a look back at some of the key moments i...


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Barotseland Is Our Country (Litunga Ni Lyetu) and Can Not Be Robbed Of Her Sovereignty - By Saleya Kwalombota

It was within a year of taking office as president of the newly-independent Zambia on 24 October 1964, Kenneth Kaunda began to introduce various acts that abrogated most of the powers allotted to Barotseland under the BA’64 that was not even enacted. Notably, the Local Government Act of 1965 abolished the traditional institutions that had governed Barotseland and brought the kingdom under the administration of a uniform local government system. Then in 1969 the Zambian Parliament passed the Co...


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We are On-Course says Afumba Mombotwa in latest Interview on the Current State of Barotseland

7th September 2014 Interview with Rt. Hon. Afumba Mombotwa on Current State of Barotseland Kingdom – by Sibeta Mundia Sibeta: Your Excellency, it’s a rare privilege to catch up with you and solicit your answers to some pertinent questions of interest to the nation and people of Barotseland. Hon. Afumba: The honor is mine, Sibeta. And I would like, through you, to convey not only my gratitude but also my warm greetings to the resilient and great people of Barotseland home and abroad. Sibeta:...


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Is African Stand By Force (ASF) The Answer To The African Conflicts? - Saleya Kwalombota

Abbreviations and Acronyms ASF: African Stand by Force AU: African Union ACDS: African Chiefs of Defense and Security MSC: Military Staff Committee SOPs: Standard Operating Procedures PSC: Peace and Security CouncilBA'64: Barotseland Agreement 1964 The analysis of the emergence of the ASF is important as it is the only standby force in the world. Given the fact that African conflicts are mainly caused by Africans themselves, ASF brings a new perspective to conflict prevention and conflict re...


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Latest Comments

  • Kabisoi 19.09.2014 10:18
    Well, that was democracy indeed at work; clean and void of harassments and imprisonments. Our case is different anyway because ...

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  • Liseli Kalaluka 19.09.2014 10:11
    Atleast the Scotts have peacefully chosen their own destiny of staying in union with Britain. Thrilling moments! However, Barotseland ...

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  • wamu 19.09.2014 07:45
    The people have spoken.Mr. Alex Salmond is a brave man and he has done his part. A big lesson is people should not loose sight over ...

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  • Luseso Mutimbwa 17.09.2014 13:19
    This should have given ba Zambia a lesson; kakuli babanani ngana dont fight but they do reason, after ya Scotland, next will be ...

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  • Kabisoi 16.09.2014 09:34
    Oh yes! Aluta continua Barotseland. Muyoyange mubuso waluna Barotse Interim Government. we are behind you.

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  • Maano 15.09.2014 14:49
    Mutompehi Kwalombota, Kule moyo: Lu lila bupilo! Your article posted on the Watch[censored] re 'What are the Benefits of an Independent ...

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  • sibinda 15.09.2014 03:52
    bo we are together brotherman ki nako litunga ni lyetu the transition process underway viva GENERAL

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  • Dorcas K Mufalali 11.09.2014 22:53
    The Lord have mercy. We are not blood hungry

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  • IMUTE WA KALILO 11.09.2014 00:29
    That was great and very educative Right Honerable Afumba. This is the the reason why I like you. This information has actually come ...

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  • Kabisoi 08.09.2014 07:52
    Someday soon all these stories will be a thing of the past, much so if we all rallied behind our leaders toward our total freedom as ...

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  • Liseli Kalaluka 02.09.2014 13:17
    Kabimba's been taught a severe thunderstormic lesson for trusting the Sata clan of Northern Rhodesia. Now that he's in a reflection ...

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  • BULOZI KINAHA 01.09.2014 09:20
    In my opinion SATA's Spokes person just worked with other Bemba speaking politicians including GBM to put words in MR SATA's mouth ...

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  • Kabisoi 01.09.2014 07:56
    We are talking about the lawless Zambians; that is very sad indeed!!! Look at the prevailing and deteriorating political situation ...

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Every Mondays and Fridays at 17:00hrs to 17:15hrs, let’s commit Barotseland in prayer. The Lozis in the Army and police working with our foes, you can say your prayers silently in your hearts. God has already answered our prayer so we need to thank him as much as we can.

Barotse News

IMAGE Senanga Main Market Reduced to Ashes
Tuesday, 09 September 2014
A fire broke out last week on Wednesday the 3rd of September and burned down a large part of Senanga Main Market. The fire is reported to have... Read More...
IMAGE More Lozi Traders Harassed at Lusaka’s Buseko Market as ‘Patriotic Front’ cadres take over
Sunday, 07 September 2014
Timber and Grass traders from ‘Western Province' trading at Lusaka’s Buseko market have been told by some alleged Patriotic Front, PF, cadres... Read More...

Special Features

IMAGE Song review: Usike Wasaba by Radikoh
Friday, 18 July 2014
Usike Wasaba Song by Radikoh Can Be Found here: http://barotsepost.com/images/mp3/usike_wa_saba_by_radikoh.mp3 This song tells two different... Read More...
IMAGE The Overview and Functions of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) with respect to specific types of Disputes
Thursday, 15 May 2014
The overview of the functioning of the over 100-year-old Permanent Court of Arbitration (“PCA”) in providing a wide range of dispute settlement... Read More...

Special Reports

IMAGE The Video they didn't Want You to See - Defiance in the Face of Zambia's Courts of Law, What Gallantry
Friday, 28 March 2014
    Defiance in the Face of Zambia's Courts of Law, What Gallantry - Video Courtesy of MUVI TV Read More...
IMAGE Flashback: Zambia's Independence Act 1964 and the Independence Order of 1964
Thursday, 16 January 2014
Click on any of the following links to read in PDF format:  Zambia Independence Order 1964 Zambia Independence Act 1964 Read More...

Legal Corner

IMAGE Press Release from the Department Of Legal Affairs - Royal Barotseland Government
Wednesday, 01 January 2014
WE THE ROYAL BAROTSELAND GOVERNMENT ARE TAKING THE ZAMBIAN GOVERNMENT TO COURT FOR ILLEGAL OCCUPATION, AS WELL AS ATROCITIES THEY HAVE COMMITTED... Read More...
IMAGE Why Did the Zambian Government Repeal and Revoke the Zambia Independence Act 1964 and the Zambia Independence Order 1964 in 1973 Respectively?
Friday, 15 November 2013
If Zambians claim to be an honest nation as they claim, we wish to know why the Zambian Government repealed and revoked the Zambia Independence Act... Read More...

Sports News

IMAGE The Royal Barotseland National Sports Council is finally in place
Sunday, 23 March 2014
TO: ALL DISTRICTS-BAROTSELAND FROM: THE ROYAL BAROTSELAND GOVERNMENT SUBJECT: STOPPAGE OF PARTICIPATION IN IMPOSED FOREIGN ZAMBIAN SPORTS ACTIVITIES... Read More...
IMAGE Press Release from Barotseland Football Federation
Saturday, 06 October 2012
Barotseland Football FederationBarotseland National OfficeEmail: bffsecretariat@gmail.com Royal Barotseland05th October, 2012,To all Football Club... Read More...

Business & Economy

IMAGE Potential investments in Barotseland - By Godwin M Kaluwe
Tuesday, 11 December 2012
Barotseland is in the process of becoming an independent state. Efforts are being made diplomatically, politically and legally to actualize... Read More...
IMAGE What are the health benefits of Cashews (Simbangala)?
Monday, 13 August 2012
The Nutritional Health Facts of Cashews By Kate Meyers - http://organiccashewnuts.com/health/Cashew nuts, a richly sweet product of the cashew tree,... Read More...

Africa & World News

IMAGE Now Zanzibar Wants Out
Tuesday, 01 January 2013
Zanzibar — ZANZIBARIS are looking to the international community to support them in the campaign for islands' full autonomy, First Vice-President,... Read More...
IMAGE Spain's Catalonia election: Separatists win majority
Monday, 03 December 2012
Voters in Spain's Catalonia region have given a majority to parties seeking Catalan independence. However, Catalan President Artur Mas, who called... Read More...

Letters to the Editor

IMAGE Sell your party in Zambia and not in Barotseland, UPND Youths Advised.
Wednesday, 18 June 2014
Dear Editor, Please publish this as  my warning to UPND youths as well as a reminder to every Murotse. Thanks you. "I am sorry but the UPND Youths... Read More...
IMAGE I HAVE A DREAM-one day Barotseland shall be free!!
Tuesday, 29 April 2014
I have a dream,a free Barotseland shall soon be realized,it is a dream rooted in the Barotse dream.I have a dream,one day our nation will rise up and... Read More...

Environment

IMAGE Activists slam Rio+20 sustainable development summit as a 'hoax'
Sunday, 24 June 2012
(CNN) -- As delegates ended the three-day Rio+20 summit with a 53-page statement called "The Future We Want," activists slammed the U.N. conference... Read More...

Tech News

IMAGE Windows Phone 8 unveiled: Microsoft modernizes its mobile system
Monday, 25 June 2012
(CNN) -- It's shaping up to be a huge week for Microsoft. On Monday, the company announced its Surface tablet platform at a hush-hush event in Los... Read More...
IMAGE Twitter crashes hard, Internet freaks out
Monday, 25 June 2012
NEW YORK (CNNMoney) -- Cue the collective Internet freakout! Twitter went down for several hours on Thursday afternoon, depriving users of a place to... Read More...

It must be explained in the literal meaning and in the traditional context as follows:

Establishment refers to a set of people according to the number and order of eminence or that which is established. Establishment in Great Britain refers to those persons in positions of power and authority, who are not publicly elected. So literally Royal establishment means a set-up of persons from the Royal family.

The Barotse Royal Establishment, therefore means the set of people who come from the royal family in Barotseland; having positions of power according to their eminence or seniority in descending or ascending order; in accordance with Barotse Tradition.

From the foregone, the Barotse Royal Establishment thus refers to the cities of the royal family members with authority according to seniority as follows:


1

Namuso

Litunga

Title

2

Lwambi

Litunga-la-Mboela

Title

3

Nenguyu

Mboanjikana

Title

4

Mwandi

Only name of Prince

No title used

5

Kaungamashi

Only name of Prince

No title used

6

Naliele

Only name of Prince

No title used

7

Namayula

Only name of Prince

No title used

8

Mushuwa

Chiengele

Title

9

Njonjolo

Kahare

Title

10

Yuka

Kandala

Title

11

Lukena

Mutondo

Title

Collectively, these for sake of English usage are what constitute the Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE), excluding the commoners who serve as counsellors.

The moment the word Government is used, what is referred to is not the royal family set-up but the traditional leaders who constitute a traditional authority in Barotseland. Sometimes people tend to think that the BRE refers to the Litunga and Namuso Kuta; which is a misconception; the royal establishment is an institution of Lords.

The people in charge of BRE are the Natamoyo and Ngula. Although BRE is more pronounced by people who are not conversant with Barotseland; BRE can never be found in any book of history.

1.    Litunga – which means Earth or Country; is the Head of State
2.    Ngambele – means “talk to me” one through which the King talks to people or through which people talk to the King; nowadays the word is written as Ngambela, and he is also called:
3.    Minyolui, which means owner of all people (the Aluyi)

4.    The nobles:

i.    Natamoyo (Muywandi) meaning redeemer
ii.    Kalonga – one who commands
iii.    Namuyamba – the overall leader (second the Sope)
iv.    Namunda – responsible for regalia and other sovenirs of the Ngocana.
v.    Mukulu wa Kashiko – Elder of Kashiko; Kashiko is Lilundu City of King Mulambwa; he represents Tungi people.
vi.    Imandi – Elder of Namanda City of Yeta 1.
vii.    Angulu – Responsible for Land.
viii.    Mubonda – means faulty finder or (inspector or executor)

LOWER COURT

1.    INETE – responsible for traditional affairs in Mongu District.
2.    Namamba – Sope’s right hand.
3.    IMWANGALA – environment (forest)
4.    ITONDO – environment (water and fish)
5.    MAYUNYI – environment (water)
6.    INGANGWANA – Chief Steward (royal house)
7.    MULAMATAA – catering Dept.
8.    MUTWALETI – means one who paves way or guides the King.

This is the proper traditionally recognized system.

The truth of the matter is that the King the symbol of national unity.

The positions below the Litunga are generally referred to as Indunas; councillors (cabinet). This is the system where administrators are judges; sometimes referred to as the Kuta which is court.

The Indunas have the authority to perform and function as traditional leaders, to ensure that traditional norms and customs are adhered to. All the people of Barotseland know very well the role and task of every Induna (privy counsellors).

By traditional practices some rituals, rites and ceremonies are sometimes performed when installing these people to positions.

In summary, these people are the custodians of the Barotse Tradition and Culture.

N.B. Not all positions are included, the idea is to get a glimpse of the Barotseland State, to enable us know where we are coming from and where we are going.

There is no separate and independent Royal Establishment in Barotseland. it must be noted that since BRE is an institution of Lords, there is a distinction between BRE and the Kuta; Kuta refers to Government system. As the Kuta is an organ of the Government; there are several Kutas; each with a person called Ngambele; of course each has a special name different from the other Court.

Considering that the term court is commonly used, it is prudent therefore to refer to traditional structure as a system of courts. In fact in a typical language the people say “sichaba sa tokwahala kwa Kuta” meaning people to assemble at court. So in this context, we shall consider Namuso as the seat of the Higher Court and those below Namuso as seats of subordinate courts or seats of superior and subsidiary councils.

N.B. the noble ranks are either hereditary or honorary.

Ngula is a female princess.

Natamoyo is a male prince.

The Royal prerogative - These have exceptional powers and privileges of the sovereign in virtue of (Litunga) King.

Privy Council: a committee of persons appointed by the sovereign advising on some state of affairs.

Comments   

 
0 #1 Joseph Masule Mashwe 2012-08-07 07:36
We have now been educated on this subject decisively, because many of us thought BRE is Namuso Kuta, kanti ki buhata you see! Ba mulonga must only deal with tradition, culture and land issues and not politics.

Ba mulonga be on your position, and us commoners we must be on our position as well. It is the responsibility of the commoners to put the cabinet.
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0 #2 sipula hibajene 2012-08-08 06:04
The BRE is what in Britain is called, the House of LORDS. over the years, the BRE have not been able to effectively deal with GRZ politicians who have taken advantage of the royalty traditions to deal swredly with them.
In Barotse, we need House of commons to be instituted. This shall be the civil government to run the day to day political and admnstrative issues of barotseland. We can see that since the people of barotseland gathered and united to ACT as the house of commons, GRZ has had sleepless nights. Once again, we appeal for a BNC so that we the people can present the barotseland government in waiting to be endorsed and start work.
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0 #3 nalwei 2012-08-08 14:54
We have to work with them they musk change the name and use house of lords because the name was given by kk a triator.we will submit the structure and the civil intrime government to pave way for barotselands future.litunga be the head of state.the house of comoners must include people frm all movements.
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